Dictionary of Welsh Biography

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VAUGHAN , JOHN ( 1871 - 1956 ), general ;

b. 31 July 1871 , the second son of John Vaughan , Nannau , Dolgellau, Mer. (he d. in 1900 ) and Elinor Anne , dau. of Edward Owen , Garthyngharad , Dolgellau . The family could trace its descent from the Welsh princes of the middle ages. Vaughan was educated at Eton and at the Royal Military College at Sandhurst . He joined the Seventh Hussars in 1891 and served in the Matabele relief expedition in 1896 , in Mashonaland in 1897 , and in the Sudan campaign in 1898 . He was badly wounded during the South African War of 1899-1901 , was mentioned three times in despatches , and was awarded an array of honours including the D.S.O. in 1902 . He became a major in the 10th Hussars in 1904 , and from 1911 until 1914 he served as commandant of the Cavalry School at Netheravon . During World War I he was given command of the Third Cavalry Brigade ; he was mentioned in despatches , was awarded the C.B. in 1915 and a bar to the D.S.O. in 1919 . He also became a Commander Légion d'honneur . In 1919 he was chosen to command the First Cavalry Brigade , and retired from military life in the following year.

John Vaughan served as the Welsh President of the British Legion in 1932 , was a zone commander of the Home Guard during World War II , and was Deputy Lieutenant of Merionethshire from 1943 until 1954 . He also served as a J.P. for the county. He published a volume of reminiscences entitled Cavalry and sporting memoirs ( 1955 ), where he was harsh in his condemnation of David Lloyd George 's (see above) leadership during World War I . He was much interested in fishing and hunting .

Vaughan m. on 22 Oct. 1913 Louisa Evelyn , eldest dau. of Captain J. Stewart , Alltyrodyn , Llandysul, Cards. , and the widow of Harold P. Wardell , Brynwern , Newbridge-on-Wye . There were no children. They lived at Nannau . He d. 21 Jan. 1956 at his home after falling from his horse .


  • Who was who? ;
  • Who's who in Wales (1921, 1933 and 1937) ;
  • The Times , 23 and 26 Jan. 1956 ;
  • Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales (1875) ;
  • The Biographical Index of W. W. Price, Aberdâr (at the National Library of Wales and Aberdare Public Library) .


Dr John Graham Jones, Aberystwyth

Published date: 2001