Dictionary of Welsh Biography

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GORE , HUGH ( 1613 - 1691 ), bishop, founder of Swansea grammar school .

The eldest son of John Gore , archdeacon of Lismore and a relative of the earls of Arran , Hugh Gore was b. at Maiden Newton , Dorset . He was sent to school at Lismore in Ireland , and thence proceeded to Trinity College , Oxford , where he matriculated 20 June 1628 . He left Oxford after a few terms and went to Trinity College , Dublin , where he ultimately graduated D.D. His first preferments are believed to have been the living of Nicholaston and the rectory of Oxwich , both in Gower , which he owed to the patronage of the Mansels (qq.v.) ; but he would appear to have left Oxwich in 1638 ( T. Richards , Religious Developments in Wales , 1654-1662 , p. 495). Ejected under the Propagation Act of 1650 for ‘delinquency and refusing the engagement’, he kept a school at Swansea for some years subsequently. After the Restoration he received preferment in Ireland , becoming bishop of Waterford and Lismore in 1666 . In 1682 his affection for the town of Swansea and its people led him to endow a ‘ffree Grammar Schoole … for the bringing up and education…of the children and youths of the Corporation, Towne and Burgh, sons of the poorer sort of the Burgesses’. The original foundation deeds drawn up by Gore and Bussy Mansell (q.v.) are still preserved in Swansea Guildhall . Gore retired to Swansea to live in 1689 and was buried in S. Mary's church there on 27 March 1691 .


  • J. Walker , An attempt towards recovering an account of the numbers and sufferings of the clergy of the Church of England, heads of colleges, fellows, scholars, etc., who were sequester'd, harrass'd, etc. in the late times of the Grand Rebellion occasion'd by the ninth chapter (now the second volume) of Dr. Calamy's Abridgment of the life of Mr. Baxter. Together with an examination of that chapter (London, 1714) ( 1714 ), part ii, 259;
  • George Grant Francis , The Free Grammar School, Swansea, with brief Memoirs of its Founder and Masters and copies of original deeds (Swansea, 1849) ( 1849 );
  • T. Richards , A History of the Puritan Movement in Wales (1920) .


Sir Glanmor Williams, M.A., Swansea

Published date: 1959