Dictionary of Welsh Biography



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TALBOT , CHARLES ( 1685 - 1737 ), 1st baron Talbot of Hensol ( Glamorgan ) and lord chancellor ; christened at Chippenham , 21 Dec. 1685 , eldest son of William Talbot (afterwards bishop of Durham ) and his wife Catharine , daughter of Richard King , alderman of the City of London . He was educated at Eton and Oriel College , Oxford ( B.A. 1704 , Fellow of All Souls 1704 , D.C.L. 1735 ; he was also awarded, in 1714 , the Lambeth LL.B. ). He intended to take holy orders but on the advice of lord Cooper chose the career of the law, becoming a barrister ( Inner Temple ) on 28 June 1707 . He was appointed Solicitor-General to the Prince of Wales , 31 May 1717 . He was Member of Parliament for Tregony , Cornwall , 1719-20 , and for Durham , 1722-34 . He became Solicitor-General , 23 April 1726 and, on 29 Nov. 1733 , was made lord chancellor .

As will be seen his career (which is sketched fairly fully in D.N.B. ) had been hitherto associated mainly with England . It was when he married a Welsh heiress that his connection with Wales began. This was in the summer of 1708 , his wife being Cecil , daughter of Charles Mathew , Castell Menich , Glamorgan , granddaughter and heiress of judge David Jenkins of Hensol (q.v.) . Talbot built at Hensol a Tudor-style castle to which his son added afterwards. He was raised to the peerage on 5 Dec. 1733 . He d. 14 Feb. 1736/7 .

The 1st baron Talbot was succeeded by his second son, WILLIAM TALBOT ( 1710 - 1782 ), 2nd baron Talbot , steward of the royal household ; he became earl Talbot in 1761 . When he d. in 1782 the earldom became extinct, the barony passing to his nephew, JOHN TALBOT , who at the same time was created 1st earl Talbot of Hensol ; he was the father of Sir CHARLES TALBOT , 2nd earl Talbot of Hensol , an account of whose career is given in D.N.B.

Bibliography:

  • Oxford Dictionary of National Biography ;
  • Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales .

Author:

Sir William Llewelyn Davies, M.A., LL.D., F.S.A. (1887-1952), Aberystwyth