Dictionary of Welsh Biography

A new website has been created for The Dictionary of Welsh Biography. It will be launched at the beginning of November 2018 and will include new content, functions and design. Head over to biography.wales now to see what's new!

This website will eventually be replaced by biography.wales. In the meantime, we would like to hear from our users so you're welcome to send us any questions or feedback that you may have.

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z

TALBOT , CHARLES ( 1685 - 1737 ), 1st baron Talbot of Hensol ( Glamorgan ) and lord chancellor ;

christened at Chippenham , 21 Dec. 1685 , eldest son of William Talbot (afterwards bishop of Durham ) and his wife Catharine , daughter of Richard King , alderman of the City of London . He was educated at Eton and Oriel College , Oxford ( B.A. 1704 , Fellow of All Souls 1704 , D.C.L. 1735 ; he was also awarded, in 1714 , the Lambeth LL.B. ). He intended to take holy orders but on the advice of lord Cooper chose the career of the law, becoming a barrister ( Inner Temple ) on 28 June 1707 . He was appointed Solicitor-General to the Prince of Wales , 31 May 1717 . He was Member of Parliament for Tregony , Cornwall , 1719-20 , and for Durham , 1722-34 . He became Solicitor-General , 23 April 1726 and, on 29 Nov. 1733 , was made lord chancellor .

As will be seen his career (which is sketched fairly fully in D.N.B. ) had been hitherto associated mainly with England . It was when he married a Welsh heiress that his connection with Wales began. This was in the summer of 1708 , his wife being Cecil , daughter of Charles Mathew , Castell Menich , Glamorgan , granddaughter and heiress of judge David Jenkins of Hensol (q.v.) . Talbot built at Hensol a Tudor-style castle to which his son added afterwards. He was raised to the peerage on 5 Dec. 1733 . He d. 14 Feb. 1736/7 .

The 1st baron Talbot was succeeded by his second son, WILLIAM TALBOT ( 1710 - 1782 ), 2nd baron Talbot , steward of the royal household ; he became earl Talbot in 1761 . When he d. in 1782 the earldom became extinct, the barony passing to his nephew, JOHN TALBOT , who at the same time was created 1st earl Talbot of Hensol ; he was the father of Sir CHARLES TALBOT , 2nd earl Talbot of Hensol , an account of whose career is given in D.N.B.


  • Oxford Dictionary of National Biography ;
  • Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales .


Sir William Llewelyn Davies, M.A., LL.D., F.S.A. (1887-1952), Aberystwyth

Published date: 1959