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Sir John Stanley of Alderley in Cheshire came from one of the minor branches of the Stanleys of Derby ; while the latter ran a course of steady even uneventful prosperity, with an occasional giant arising amongst them, the Stanleys of Alderley and Penrhos were more picturesque, versatile, and unexpected in their ways: one of them, the 3rd baron who d. in 1903 , became a Mohammedan , and had a Mohammedan mosque erected in Talybolion . The eldest son of Margaret Owen was made a peer in 1839 ; Edward his brother ( 1780 - 1849 ) became bishop of Norwich ( 1837-49 ); his son was Arthur Penrhyn Stanley , the famous dean of Westminster from 1864 to 1881 . The 1st baron himself had some noteworthy sons: EDWARD STANLEY , the 2nd baron ( 1802 - 1869 ), who held several offices in Whig administrations , being president of the Board of Trade from 1855 to 1858 , and his twin brother WILLIAM STANLEY ( 1802 - 1884 ), M.P. for Anglesey ( 1837-47 ), for Chester ( 1850-7 ), and for the Anglesey boroughs from 1857 to 1874 , a gentleman who was deeply versed in the ancient things of Celtic archaeology , as witness his numerous articles in the earlier Arch. Camb. The sister of these two was the wife of William Edward Parry (see under Parry , Joshua ), the adventurous captain who explored the farthest recesses of the Arctic . The greatest of the family, the 4th baron (who became also earl of Sheffield in 1909 ), was EDWARD STANLEY ( 1839 - 1925 ), vice-chairman of the London School Board from 1897 to 1904 , and one of the most prominent figures of the educational world ; at the end of his life he was willing and proud to act as chairman of the Holyhead county school governors . The 5th baron was his son, ARTHUR STANLEY ( 1875 - 1931 ), Member of Parliament for a time and governor of Victoria from 1914 to 1920 .
This bald chronicle does little to illustrate the great part played by the Stanleys in applying the Enclosure Acts in north-western Anglesey , in facilitating the coming of the railway to the island , and in developing the port of Holyhead and communications with Ireland .
Thomas Richards, D.Litt., (1878-1962), Bangor
Published date: 1959