When only 35, he published Review of the Principal Questions in Morals , 1758 , anticipating the essential ethical doctrines of Kant . Annuity calculations led to F.R.S. ( 1765 ), and Reversionary Payments , 1771 , with his ‘ Northampton Tables ,’ 1780 , placed actuarial valuation for assurance and pensions on a scientific basis, William Morgan , his nephew, being trained by him. Four Dissertations , 1767 , brought him a D.D. from Aberdeen ( 1767 ). Appeal … on the National Debt , 1772 , urged the re-establishment of the Sinking Fund , which Pitt , seeking and receiving his advice ( 1786 ), did.
Promoting liberty everywhere, he championed religious toleration and parliamentary reform at home , supporting the Irish Volunteers and the Scottish Burgh reformers . He defended and advised the American Colonies ; five months before the Declaration of Independence , Civil Liberty , 1776 , with its political philosophy derived from his moral philosophy, lifted the American question from precedents and charters to the high ground of moral right, and had an enormous circulation; honours followed — the freedom of London ( 1776 ), a remarkable invitation from Congress to regulate the States’ finances ( 1778 ), and Yale 's LL.D. in sole company with Washington ( 1781 ); before the States framed their Constitution ( 1787 ) appeared his pamphlet of advice, Importance of the American Revolution , 1784 , which, approvingly noted by leading Americans , almost certainly influenced the Constitution. Both pamphlets advocated the federal principle. Disclaiming republicanism for Britain , he welcomed the French Revolution (in its first stage) in Love for our Country , 1789 , calling forth Burke 's Reflections , 1790 , but supported by Paine 's Rights of Man , 1791 .
Price 's numerous friends and correspondents included Shelburne , Priestley , Hume , Adam Smith , Condorcet , Mirabeau , Turgot , Franklin , Jefferson , and Washington . He d. 19 April 1791 .
Richard Price 's father,
Roland Thomas, M.A., Ph.D. (1876/85-1951), Glamorganshire
For a period he was a tutor at the Nonconformist Academy that was established in Hackney in 1768 , and he discussed matters like premiums and Newton 's Principia with some of the students there.
Dr Llewelyn Gwyn Chambers, Bangor
Published date: 1959