Dictionary of Welsh Biography



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POWELL , VAVASOR ( 1617 - 1670 ), Puritan divine ; b. in 1617 , at Cnwclas (‘ Knucklas ’), parish of Heyop, Rads. , the son of Richard Powell and his wife, Penelope , daughter of William Vavasor of Newtown ( Grazebrook and Rylands , Visitation of Shropshire , ii, 324, 407, 468-9; C. B. Northcliffe , Visitation of Yorkshire , 329-31). He spent some time at Clun as schoolmaster ( Examen , 16), if not as curate ( Life , 124) with his great-uncle Erasmus Powell . Anthony Wood makes him a student of Jesus College , Oxford , from 1634 ( Athen. Oxon. , 169, ii, 343), but college records do not include his name. He was converted to the Puritan position when at Clun by the reading of Richard Sibbes , The Bruised Reede , and the preaching of Walter Cradoc (q.v.) ( Life , 1-14, 116). He was arrested in 1640 for disturbing the peace by preaching ( Life , 126-7, 10-11), and in 1642 appeared before the assizes at Prestatyn on charges of ‘Inconformity,’ but found not guilty ( Examen , 10).

By 1642 he was in London ( Life , 11), and in 1644 became vicar of Dartford , Kent ( G. A. Tait , The Church and Vicars of Dartford , 1909 , 26). He resigned 7 Jan. 1646 ( E. Hasted , History of Kent , i, 230). On 11 Sept. 1646 , he was granted a testimonial of approval by the Westminster assembly , after being named by the Committee for Plundered Ministers to preach in Wales ( Bodl. MS. 325 (68) ). He was with Thomas Mytton 's forces attacking Beaumaris in the autumn of 1648 ( Phillips , Civil War in Wales , ii, 382-401). On 2 Dec. 1649 he preached before Thomas Foot , lord mayor of London , and on 28 Feb. 1650 , before the House of Commons . Under the Act of Propagation he was an approver , and his name was closely linked with the institution of itinerant preachers ( Strena , title-page). Powell consistently denied the numerous accusations made against him of misappropriating tithe-money. His adherence to Fifth Monarchy doctrines brought him into opposition to the Protectorate. His denunciation of Cromwell on 18 Dec. 1653 ( Thurloe , State Papers , i, 641) and the day following led to his arrest on 21 Dec. Released on 24 Dec. , he fled to Wales in Jan. 1654 to organize opposition to Cromwell , but put aside his differences to quell a Royalist rising in 1655 ( A true and full Relation of the great Rising , 1655 , 4). His opposition continued in the protest called ‘ A Word for God ,’ presented in Nov. 1655 and signed by 322 people, which alienated many Welsh Puritans as well as the government authorities.

Powell was arrested on 23 April 1660 ( Life , 129) and again on 30 July ( Cal. S. P. Dom. , 1660-1 , 123, 135). By Sept. 1661 he was in the Fleet Prison , London , but removed in Sept. 1662 to Southsea castle (ibid., 1661-2 , 463; Life , 132). He was not released until Nov. 1667 ( Life , 132, 134). In March 1668 he preached at Blue Anchor Alley , London ( Cal. S. P. Dom. , 1667-8 , 318-9), and revived his Montgomeryshire associations ( G. Lyon Turner , Original Records , i, 4). He was arrested in Oct. 1668 , after preaching at Merthyr Tydfil , and twice examined at Cowbridge ( Life , 135-41, 177-82), and finally at Cardiff Town Hall , 13 Jan. 1669 ( Life , 182-8). His case was moved to the Court of Common Pleas , before which he appeared on 22 May and was committed to the Fleet prison on 24 May 1669 ( Life , 188-9). He d. after a painful illness on 27 Oct. 1670 , aged 53 ( Life , 189-90), and was buried in Bunhill Fields burial ground .

His first wife was Joan Quarrel , widow of Paul Quarrel of Presteign , and his second wife was Katherine , fifth daughter of Gilbert Gerard of Crewood , Chester ; she survived him ( G. Ormerod , History of Cheshire , ii, 132) and later became the wife of John Evans ( 1628 - 1700 , q.v.) . Powell had no children.

His published works were: 1, The Scriptures Concord ( London , 1646 ); 2, God the Father Glorified ( London , 1649 ); 3, Christ and Moses Excellency ( London , 1650 ); 4, Saving Faith ( London , 1651 ); 5, Christ Exalted , 1651 (printed with no. 4); 6, Three Hymnes [sic] ( London , 1650 ); 7, Common-Prayer-Book No Divine Service ( London , 1660 ); 8, The Bird in the Cage ( London , 1661 ); 9, The Sufferers-Catechism , 1664 ; 10, A New and Useful Concordance ( London , 1671 ); 11, The Life and Death of Mr. Vavasor Powell , 1671 (including his autobiography), 1-19; 12, Divine Love ( London , 1677 ); 13, The Golden Sayings … of Mr. Vavasor Powell (n.d., one leaf — collected by John Conniers ); see also N.L.W. MSS. 366 and 1961 .

Bibliography:

  • ‘Life’= Edward Bagshaw , The Life and Death of Mr. Vavasor Powell , 1671 , 1671 ;
  • ‘Strena’ ( Alexander Griffith ), Strena Vavasoriensis a New Years gift for the Welsh itinerants or a hue and cry after Mr. Vavasor Powell , 1654, reprinted for "Cymdeithas Llen Cymru", 1915 , 1654 ;
  • ‘Examen’= Vavasoris Examen et Purgamen or Mr V. Powell's impartiall triall who being apprehended upon the late hue and cry raised after him, hath appealed to God and his country, and is found not guilty , London, 1654 , 1654 ;
  • see also David Davies , Vavasor Powell. The Baptist evangelist of Wales in the seventeenth century , London, 1896 , 1896 ;
  • Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Hasted is cited in the 1778 ed.

Author:

Rev. Principal Robert Tudur Jones, D.Phil., (1921-98), Bangor