Dictionary of Welsh Biography



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LLOYD family, of Dolobran, Mont. The family of Lloyd of Dolobran , in the parish of Meifod, Mont. , has distinguished itself in the annals of the Quakers in Wales , in the iron industry , in the banking world, and in public administration in the United States and the British Empire . In common with several other Powys families they traced their descent from ALETH , king of Demetia . Tradition relates that CELYNIN AP fled from Demetia to Powys after slaying the mayor of Carmarthen . A Kelennyn ap Ririd was a juror in Mechain Uchcoed in 1292 . The upper reaches of the pedigree are confused. Gwladys , daughter and heiress of Rhiryd ap Cynfrig Efell of Llwydiarth , is given as the wife of Rhiryd and of his son Celynin . According to Dwnn , Celynin 's mother was Gwladys , daughter of Meredith ap Rhydderch , a descendant of Tewdwr Mawr . Gwenllian , daughter of Adam ap Meyrick ap Pasgen , is also given as the wife of Celynin , and of his son, EINION . This Adam ap Meyrick may have been the sinecure rector of Meifod , c. 1265 . Einion was living in 1340 . LLEWELYN is named in a pardon granted by John de Cherleton , lord of Powys , to his grandson, Griffith ap Jenkin ap Llewelyn , in 1419 , for his complicity in the war of Owain Glyn Dŵr . His widow, Lucy , daughter of Griffith ab Ednyfed Lloyd of Bromfield , was then alive. His third son, DEIO , was the first to be associated with Dolobran . (The Vaughan family of Llwydiarth , q.v. , issued from the eldest son, Jenkin ). Deio 's first wife was Mary , daughter of Griffith Goch of Ruyton xi Towns or of Knockyn . The Vaughans of Glasgoed issued from this marriage, and David ap Owen , abbot and bishop (q.v.) , was a grandson of these two. IEUAN , son of the second wife, Meddefus , daughter, or sister, of Griffith Vaughan of Deytheur , and possibly the widow of David Aber , inherited Dolobran . He m. Maud , daughter of Evan Blayney of Tregynon (a burgess of Welshpool , 1406 ). OWEN m. Catherine , daughter of Reginald , son of Sir Griffith Vaughan of Guilsfield who was murdered in the Red Castle in 1447 . IEUAN or IEUAN m. Gwenhwyvar , daughter of Meredith Lloyd of Meifod . John Wyn of Dyffryn was his brother.

The surname Lloyd was established in the next generation with DAVID (a juror in Montgomeryshire , 1542 ). 1523 is given as the year of his birth, but it is difficult to reconcile this with the eulogy which William Llŷn addressed to him and his wife, Eve , daughter of Edward ap Rees of Eglwyseg , where it is suggested that they were in the yellow leaf. This poem is placed in 1562 , though it is possible that such an early date cannot be substantiated. Simwnt Vychan also sang the praises of these two. It is also said that he was m. to Marred , daughter of Ieuan Davydd Goch , but she is more likely to have been a concubine . The heir was the poet David ap David Lloyd , a juror in Montgomeryshire from 1576 to 1594 , otherwise known as Dafydd ap Dafydd Llwyd (q.v.) . His son JOHN LLOYD (b. 1575 ) was also a poet . He lived at Coedcowryd , and his first wife was his second cousin, Catherine , daughter of Humphrey ap John Wyn of Dyffryn , but the wife named in his will was Elizabeth . The will was proved in 1636 , and his name was taken off the roll of Montgomeryshire jurors in 1638 . His heir CHARLES LLOYD ( I ) was b. in 1613 . He enlarged the house at Dolobran and m. Elizabeth , daughter of Thomas Stanley of Knockyn , who is stated to have been an authority on genealogy . He d. comparatively young, and was buried at Meifod 17 Aug. 1657 , leaving three sons, CHARLES (b. 9 Dec. 1637 ), JOHN (b. 1638 ), and THOMAS (b. 17 Feb. 1640 ), who are said to have been educated at Jesus College , Oxford , and to have studied medicine , but Foster 's evidence is inconclusive. We have Charles Lloyd 's own statement that he and his brother Thomas were at Oxford , and Richard Davies the Quaker stated that both brothers left because they were tired of the persecution of Quakers there. John turned his attention to law and was one of the Six Clerks of Chancery . He m. Jane Gresham , a descendant of Sir Thomas Gresham , founder of the Royal Exchange , and remained a loyal churchman , presenting communion plate to Meifod church . Charles Lloyd ( II ) joined the Quakers in 1662 , and was one of the group imprisoned at Welshpool in that year. His wife, Elizabeth , daughter of Sampson Lort (see under Lort ) followed him to prison. He was allowed to take a house in Welshpool about 1663 at the supplication of Richard Davies and his own brother Thomas Lloyd , who had by this time become a Quaker . He and his friends were released under the Declaration of Indulgence , 1672 . He returned to Dolobran where he extended the house and built a meeting house for Quakers . In 1681 he and his brother Thomas took part in a disputation with William Lloyd , bishop of S. Asaph , and other clergy. In 1682 he visited Quakers in Herefordshire and Worcestershire , and placed the cause of the Bristol Quakers before Sir Leoline Jenkins (q.v.) . He m. Ann Lawrence in 1686 , his first wife having d. in 1665 (buried at Cloddiau Cochion ). He d. at the house of his daughter Elizabeth Pemberton in Birmingham in 1698 , and his widow, in 1708 . They were buried in the Bull Lane cemetery in that city. A letter by him concerning a discussion between his brother and Morgan Jones on the alleged discovery of America by the Welsh was printed in N. Owen 's British Remains ( 1777 ). Together with one Margaret Davies he had purchased a share of 5,000 acres in Pennsylvania from William Penn in 1684. His brother Thomas Lloyd , who was a preacher with the Quakers , and who suffered imprisonment at Welshpool from 1664 to 1672 , emigrated. After his release Thomas had lived at Maes-mawr , near Welshpool , suffering persecution and fines. In 1683 he took his wife, a daughter of Gilbert Jones of Welshpool , and family to Pennsylvania . She was the first to be buried in the Arch Street cemetery in Philadelphia . He was made president of the provincial council in 1684 and was deputy-governor for Pennsylvania from William Penn until 1693 , when the province was taken over by the Crown . He opposed the introduction of a militia into the province, and was the most powerful and popular leader in Pennsylvania in his period. He d. in 1694 , and was buried at Philadelphia . Two pamphlets by him have been published: An epistle to my Dear and well beloved Friends of Dolobran , 1788 , and A Letter to John Eccles and Wife , 1805 . David Lloyd (b. at Manafon about 1656 ; d. at Chester, Pa. , 1731 ), chief justice of Pennsylvania , was a relative, but the exact degree is not known. A David Lloyd revised A Salutation to the Britains , Philadelphia , 1727 , a translation by Rowland Ellis (q.v.) of Ellis Pugh 's (q.v.) Annerch ir Cymru .

Charles Lloyd ( II ) left two sons, Charles (b. 1662 ) and Sampson (b. 1664 ). CHARLES LLOYD ( III ) m. Sarah , daughter of Ambrose Crowley , in 1693 . He further enlarged the house at Dolobran , and established an iron forge on his estate, but, before 1733 , removed to Birmingham , where his brother, SAMPSON LLOYD (d. 1724 ), had been engaged in the iron industry . He was buried there in 1747 or 1749 . His son CHARLES LLOYD ( IV ) , who was b. in 1697 , maintained connection with Dolobran , though the estate was heavily mortgaged, his father having lost thousands of pounds in his industrial ventures. His wife was Jane Wilkins . One of their daughters, Jane (b. 1728 ), m. Lewis Owen of Tyddyn-y-garreg , a member of an old Welsh Quaker family — see the article on the family. The heir, CHARLES LLOYD ( 1726 - 1773 ), d. unmarried, in France , and his brother, JAMES LLOYD ( 1740 - 1787 ), who also d. unmarried, sold the estate.

The main line was now represented by the descendants of Sampson Lloyd , second son of Charles Lloyd ( II ) . This is not the place to follow their interesting contacts with religious, humanitarian, and mercantile movements in Birmingham and London . (See Rachel J. Lowe , Farm and its Inhabitants , 1883 , for a record of the family's activity in religious and literary circles; Charles Lloyd the poet was one of them; in the iron industry , in the banking ventures now represented by Lloyds Bank , in the movement for the abolition of slavery , etc.). At the end of a century of alienation they resumed ownership of the ancient patrimony. Dolobran and the old meeting house were bought by SAMPSON LLOYD in 1877 and another member of the family, HENRY LLOYD , had bought Lower Dolobran and Coedcowryd in 1872-3 . GEORGE LLOYD ( 1879 - 1941 ), first baron Lloyd of Dolobran , was the second son of Sampson Samuel Lloyd , the heir of the purchaser of Dolobran .

Bibliography:

  • National Library of Wales Manuscripts 6990, 15324;
  • Peniarth Manuscript in the National Library of Wales 287;
  • Wynnstay Manuscript at the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth 144;
  • Dolobran deeds;
  • diaries of John Kelsall (in the Friends' House, London);
  • Heraldic Visitations of Wales and Part of the Marches , 1846 , i, 294;
  • Burke's Landed Gentry , 1937 ;
  • Burke's … Peerage, Baronetage, and Knightage , 1940 ;
  • Lowe , Farm and its Inhabitants with some account of the Lloyds of Dolobran , London, 1883 , 1883 ;
  • C. P. Smith , Lineage of the Lloyd and Carpenter Family. Compiled from authentic sources , Camden [N.J.], 1870 , 1870 ;
  • S. Lloyd , The Lloyds of Birmingham, with some account of the founding of Lloyds bank , Birmingham, 1907 , 1907-9 ;
  • An account of the convincement, exercises, services and travels of that ancient servant of the Lord, Richard Davies. With some relation of ancient friends, and the spreading of truth in North-Wales, etc. , London, 1710 ;
  • T. A. Glenn , Merion in the Welsh Tract with sketches of the townships of Haverford and Radnor : historical and genealogical collections concerning the Welsh barony in the province of Pennsylvania, settled by the Cymric Quakers in 1682 , 1896 ;
  • A. H. Dodd , The Industrial Revolution in North Wales , Cardiff, 1933 , 1933 ;
  • Richard Jones , Crynwyr Bore Cymru 1653-1699 , Barmouth, 1931 Cymru , 1931;
  • T. M. Rees , A history of the Quakers in Wales and their emigration to North America , 1925 , 1925 ;
  • Dictionary of American Biography , xi.

Author:

Evan David Jones, F.S.A., (1903-87), Aberystwyth

Corrections and additions:

LLOYD (FAMILY) of Dolobran ( DWB , 570-2). On l. 20 from the bottom of p. 571a read 1685 (not ‘ 1665 ’), and on l. 17 Bull Street (not ‘Lane’). See a MS. Memoir of her father, Charles II , by Elizabeth Pemberton at Friends’ House , London .