Dictionary of Welsh Biography



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EVANS , DANIEL ( Daniel Ddu o Geredigion ; 1792 - 1846 ), cleric and poet ; b. at Maesmynach , a farm in the parish of Llanfihangel Ystrad, Cards. He was educated at Lampeter grammar school under Eliezer Williams (q.v.) , and later went to Jesus College , Oxford , where he graduated B.A. 1814 , M.A. 1817 , and B.D. 1824 . In 1817 he was made a Fellow of his college. After leaving Oxford he was, for a time, chaplain at the Royal Military Asylum , Northampton . He resigned owing to ill health, returned home to his parents, and never took up another appointment as long as he lived. He published: Awdlau: gan … Daniel Evans, bardd i Anrhydeddus Gym-deithas y Gwyneddigion, Llundain , 1810 (no. 9 in ‘ Cyhoeddiadau Cymdeithas y Gwyneddigion ’); Gwlad fy Ngenedigaeth and Attebiad ‘Ioan Tegid ,’ 1819? (a poem trying to persuade Tegid not to leave Wales for the East Indies ); Awdl Marwnad Eliezer Williams , 1820 ; Englynion er cofiant Ifor Hael, Arglwydd Maesaleg , 1822 ; Golwg ar Gyflwr yr Iddewon, Cerdd , 1826 ; Ar ddylanwadau yr Yspryd Glan: ymadrodd ar y pwnc … wedi ei gyfieithu a'i dalfyrru gan … Daniel Evans , 1826 ; Palesteina: neu, Hanes yr Iddewon a Gwlad Canaan , 1841 ; Galar-Cerdd ar farwolaeth William Bruce Knight, Deon Llandaf , 1845 ; ‘ Cerdd Arwraidd ar y Gauaf ,’ which won for him the silver medal and prize presented by Thomas Beynon ( 1744 - 1833 ) (q.v.) , president of the Carmarthen Society of Cymreigyddion , in his book Cerddi Arwraidd, ar yr Hydref a'r Gauaf; hefyd Awdlau ar y Daran , 1792-1846 . Daniel Ddu published his works in collected form under the title Gwinllan y Bardd , 1831 , 2nd ed. 1872 , 3rd ed. 1907 . This book contains poems in the classical and modern forms, hymns, and some English and Latin verse.

Daniel Ddu was the poet of the eisteddfod and of the ‘ Cambrian Societies .’ In the Dyfed provincial eisteddfod , 1823 , he won the prize for his ‘ Awdl ar Sefydliad Coleg Dewi Sant ’ and the silver medal for his ‘ Awdl ar Fuddugoliaethau diweddar y Groegiaid ar y Tyrciaid .’ He belonged to three circles of poets: the school of Dafydd Ddu Eryri (q.v.) , that of Gwallter Mechain (q.v.) , and that of archdeacon Thomas Beynon . He was also friendly with David Davis (q.v.) , Castell Hywel , and with the other poets of Cards. , and he carried on the tradition of Edward Richard and Ieuan Brydydd Hir . He d. by his own hand , 28 March 1846 , and was buried in Pencarreg churchyard.

Bibliography:

  • Preface to the 3rd ed. of Gwinllan y bardd sef prydyddwaith ar amrywiol destunau a gwahanol fesurau ‘’ , 3rd ed., 1907 ;
  • Y Llenor , v, 1926 , 48.

Author:

David Gwenallt Jones, M.A., (1899-1968), Aberystwyth