He was in retirement under Edward VI , save for membership of the Council of Wales ( c. 1551 ) and occasional consultation on diplomatic issues . Under Mary he served a second term as sheriff ( 1554 ), and as M.P. for Glamorgan ( 1554 ) he provided the first known example of the committal of a Welsh bill to a Welsh member; he was also on the commission that declared the illegality of bishop Bonner 's deposition by Cranmer ( 1553 ). Another mission to the emperor ( 1553 ) was followed by a complimentary errand, which turned into a permanent embassy, to Rome — our only independent representation abroad during the reign. Shortly before Mary 's death he asked for his recall, but arrangements for his replacement by Thomas Goldwell , bishop of S. Asaph , were interrupted by the demise of the Crown . He repeated the request on Elizabeth 's accession, but was instructed to stay at his post, without committing the Government , till a decision should be reached on relations with Rome . Till Feb. 1559 , when he was officially recalled, he was sending reports on the friendly dispositions of Rome and Spain and warnings against France . The pope refused passports for his return, and conferred on him the wardenship of the English Hospital , to which he appears to have been previously nominated by Mary , but which he later resigned to Goldwell . On his death in 1561 his friends Geoffrey (or Griffith ) Vaughan and Thomas Freeman erected a monument to his memory at the church of SS. Andrew and Gregory in Rome (photograph, text, and commentary in Reports and Trans. Cardiff Naturalists’ Soc. , lxxx, 12-15). This was defaced by the French in 1798 but restored through the good offices of the Rev. J. M. Traherne , chancellor of Llandaff , fifty years later. The inscription supports the suggestion (cf. Cal. S.P. Rome , i. 27, pp. 15, 16) that his detention in Rome was not unwelcome, since its ‘involuntary’ character saved his Glamorgan estates — swollen since 1537 by his marriage to the widow of Sir John Raglan — for his son THOMAS CARNE , who, although a recusant (as were many of the family till well on in the next cent.), was twice M.P. and thrice sheriff for his county.
Emeritus Professor Arthur Herbert Dodd, M.A., (1891-1975), Bangor
Published date: 1959