The last years of his life were disturbed by the violence and family feuds of the line of Powys . His son Owain was an outstanding offender. The shameless abduction of Nest ( fl. 1120 ) by Owain in 1109 imperilled the position of his father, who was at first left with nothing more than the vill he had received in frank marriage with his wife, but later received Ceredigion . This he lost in 1110 , as the result of further misdeeds of Owain ; Ceredigion was given to Gilbert Fitz Richard (see under Clare ) and became a Norman lordship, while Cadwgan sank into a landless royal pensioner . Again there was a turn of fortune, when his brother Iorwerth was murdered in 1111 by his nephew, Madog ap Rhiryd ; the king restored him to southern Powys . But in the same year he also fell a victim to the same unnatural assailant; while planning to build a castle at Trallwng Llywelyn ( Welshpool ) he was treacherously attacked and, with little resistance, slain .
Cadwgan is described by the ‘ Anglo-Saxon Chronicle ’ in 1097 as the ‘worthiest’ of the Welsh leaders in that year, and his record as a ruler is not discreditable. Besides the two sons, Henry and Gruffydd , born to his Norman wife, he left Owain (d. 1116 ) , Madog , Einion (d. 1123 ), Morgan (d. 1128 ), and Maredudd (d. 1124 ).
Sir John Edward Lloyd, D.Litt., F.B.A., F.S.A. (1861-1947), Bangor
Published date: 1959